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    Constipation is generally described as a decrease in frequency of passing stools which are usually hard and dry. 

    The symptoms of constipation include: 

    •  Difficulty passing stools 
    •  Passing small, hard or dry stools 
    •  Feeling bloated 
    •  Feeling like you have not cleared your bowels completely 

     When to see a doctor 

    You should see a doctor if you have: 

    •  Fever 
    •  Nausea and/or vomiting 
    •  Black or sticky stools  
    •  Blood in the stools 
    •  Very bad stomach pain or cramping 
    •  Very bad stomach wind 
    •  Sudden changes in bowel habits, especially if you also have weight loss 
    •  Changes in the type/texture of stools 
    •  No appetite to eat 
    •  History of Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD) 

    Constipation may also be a result of the side effects of medicines or the worsening of some medical conditions.  You should check with your healthcare professional if you are concerned about such issues.  

    You can prevent constipation by  

    •  Having more fiber in your diet. Examples include vegetables, fruits, cereals and wholegrain breads 
    •  Increasing the amount of fluids you drink  
    •  Exercising regularly  
    •  Emptying your bowels whenever you feel the urge to pass motion 


    Updated in Nov 2018 

    This article does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist. People with special health needs such as babies, children below 12 year old, elderly and pregnant ladies should see a doctor instead of self-treatment. Always read the instructions and warnings on the package before taking any medicine.

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