Currently, there are no research or evidences to support the use of supplements to protect against COVID 19 virus.
However, it is still important to keep the immune system healthy and both vitamin C and D may be required for a healthy immune system.
Vitamin C supports the function of various immune cells and improves their ability to protect against the infections. It is also an antioxidant that protects against damage induced by oxidative stress. The current recommended dietary allowances for Vitamin C is 90mg for males while the upper limit is 2000mg/day.
On the other hand, Vitamin D improves the effects of white blood cells which is important for your immune defense. It also decreases inflammation which helps to promote immune responses. The current recommended dietary allowances for Vitamin D for males aged 19 – 70 years old is 15mcg (600units) while the upper limit is 100mcg/day (4000 units/day).
Even though your son may not get sufficient sun exposure overseas, he may get Vitamin D from the food he consumes. Some examples of food sources containing Vitamin D are salmon, tuna, mackerel and trout. Beef liver, egg yolks, cheese and milk also may contain small amounts of Vitamin D.
Vitamin D supplements are also available. Supplements may be useful if your son is not able to obtain sufficient Vitamin D from food sources and sun exposure. However, it is not recommended to exceed the recommended dietary allowance of Vitamin D. As Vitamin D is fat soluble, it may build up in the body and may result in side effects or toxic build-up in the body.
Examples of Vitamin D products available in NHG Pharmacy
- Lynae Vitamin D3 1000 units
- Caltrate Vitamin D 1000 units
- Cholecalciferol 1000 units
Do note that some may require lower or high amount of Vitamin D and C depending on the age, sex and medical conditions. You may wish to consult your doctor to discuss on the amount of vitamins your son requires before consuming the supplements as well.