Earache/Ear Wax

The usual cause of ear pain is otitis media (an inflammation of the middle ear), which is common in young children. Otitis media can be caused by virus, bacteria or fungal infections. 

Symptoms of otitis media include:  

  •  Ear pain 
  •  Fever 
  •  Hearing loss 
  •  Discharge from the ear 
  •  A feeling of pressure in the ear 
  •  Feeling dizzy or irritable  

Other possible causes of ear pain can result from problems in the ear structures, fluid in the ear due to flu or colds, otitis externa (an inflammation of the outer ear), injury and referred pain from a headache or sore throat.  

What you can do 

Ear pain often requires a doctor visit. The ear should be properly checked by the doctor to find out the cause of the pain. As the ear pain might be caused by a middle ear infection, antibiotics may be needed. A ear infection that is not treated can cause a long-lasting problem.  

Ear Wax Buildup and Blockage 

Ear wax buildup and blockage may cause a feeling of pressure in the ear, dizziness, partial hearing of certain tones, ringing in the ears and ear discomfort. Pain is not a usual symptom of ear wax buildup and blockage. Hearing loss may occur if the earwax is large enough to fully block the ear canal but it usually happens over a period of time. Ear wax buildup and blockage can happen to one or both ears. 

What you can do 

  •  Over-the-counter products are available to soften and clean ear wax. Some products can be used regularly to prevent ear wax buildup 
  •  Personal hygiene is important in preventing ear wax buildup 

You can prevent earwax impaction  

  •  Use a wet, soapy washcloth placed over a finger to clean the outer parts of the ear to remove excess ear wax 
  •  Do not use cotton buds or similar tools to clean ear wax as they may push the ear wax further in and injure the ear 

When to see doctor 

See a doctor when there is: 

  •  Fluid or pus coming out from the ear 
  •  Ear pain 
  •  Rashes in the ear 
  •  Dizziness 
  •  Injury of the ear  
  •  Recent ear surgery 
  •  Implanted tubes in the ear 
  •  Foreign objects in the ear 

Loss of hearing  

Click here to see Medication List

Updated in Nov 2018 

This article does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist. People with special health needs such as babies, children below 12 year old, elderly and pregnant ladies should see a doctor instead of self-treatment. Always read the instructions and warnings on the package before taking any medicine.

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