There are 2 basic types of crutches: 

  • Axillary style crutch (also known as an underarm crutch) 
  • Forearm crutch (also known as an elbow crutch) 

How to use the Axillary style Crutch

  • Adjust both crutches to the same height. An uneven height will reduce the support you get and may not be safe. 
  • Make sure the rubber tips at the ends of the crutch are fitted properly. A large-sized tip and built-in steel support may be useful. 
  • After adjusting the crutches to a suitable height, you should also adjust the handgrip. There should be a slight bend at the elbow when you use the crutch in a walking position. Make sure the adjustable parts are tightly secured. 

How to use the Forearm Crutch

  • Adjust the height of the crutch by standing straight, with your shoulders relaxed and your arms hanging loosely at your sides. The height of the handgrip should be at your hip joint. 
  • The cuff should be fitted nicely and adjusted to be just below your elbow.   
  • If the cuffs have a side-opening, it should be facing outwards. Make sure the adjustable parts are tightly secured. 


  • A forearm crutch is easier to handle as it is lighter and less bulky than the axillary style crutch 
  • The forearm crutches are available in either a front-opening cuff or a side-opening cuff 
  • One benefit the side-opening style crutch has over the front-opening cuff is that you do not have to worry about dropping the crutch  


Adjustable Shoulder Crutches Adjustable Axillary Crutches 

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