Heart Health

What is Blood Pressure and High Blood Pressure? 

Blood pressure is the force generated as your heart pumps blood and moves it through the blood vessels in your body. It is made up of two numbers called the systolic and diastolic blood pressure.

Systolic blood pressure represents the pressure while the heart is beating. A normal systolic blood pressure is 140 mm Hg or below. Diastolic blood pressure represents the pressure when the heart is resting between beats. A normal diastolic blood pressure is 90 mm Hg or below.

Blood pressure that stays persistently above this level is considered high and the person is said to have high blood pressure or hypertension.

What causes Hypertension?  

In most patients, the cause for high blood pressure is not clear. However, we know that you are at risk of getting high blood pressure if you:

  • are overweight
  • eat too much salt
  • regularly consume large quantities of alcohol
  • do not have enough exercise
  • are constantly under stress
  • have a family history of high blood pressure
  • are 40 years or older
  • have certain medical problems such as kidney diseases

What are the symptoms of Hypertension?  

People with high blood pressure usually do not feel unwell. Many people are found to have high blood pressure during routine medical examination. So if you have not had it checked in a while, make an appointment now.

What can Hypertension cause?  

High blood pressure can be dangerous and can hurt your body in many ways. These include:

  • heart attack
  • heart failure
  • stroke
  • kidney failure

Self Care 

High blood pressure is a lifelong disease. It can be controlled but not cured. You can help your blood pressure control by: 

  • eating sensibly
  • reducing your salt and fat intake
  • reducing your calorie and sugar intake
  • reducing your alcohol intake
  • exercising regularly and losing weight 
  • quitting your smoking habit
  • keeping stress under control
  • taking your medicines regularly
  • keeping up with your doctor's appointment
  • monitoring your blood pressure regularly
    (Click here to see full range of Blood Pressure Monitors.) 

Get answers to some of the commonly asked questions about High Blood Pressure and the medications which can help prevent complications.

Source: MOH 

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