Pressure Sores & Ulcers Care

Pressure ulcers, otherwise known as bedsores, are often a result of prolonged pressure applied on the same area, causing insufficient oxygen supply to that area. People diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus are at a higher risk of developing ulcers due to their poorer blood circulation. This would bring about an inflammatory response that aids in wound healing and repair.

Inflammation of the wound would result in one or more of the following symptoms, such as redness, swelling, heat and pain. In severe cases, a wound may lead to an infection. As such, it is important to cleanse the wound with antiseptic and to utilize the right dressing for the wound. The size of the wound, the presence of exudate, and the risk of infection are determinants to the choice of dressing used.

Prevention of pressure ulcers

Repositioning in a bed

  • Repositioning should occur at least every two hours
  • Special cushions, foam mattress pads, air-filled mattresses and water-filled mattresses can help to relieve pressure and protect vulnerable areas from damage
  • Head should be raised no more than 30 degrees to reduce friction
  • Bony areas can be protected with proper positioning and cushioning

Skin care

  • Skin should be cleaned with mild soap and warm water and gently patted dry
  • Skin that is vulnerable to excess moisture can be protected with talcum powder
  • Skin should be inspected daily to identify vulnerable areas of skin or early signs of pressure sores
  • Diaper changes should be frequent and protective lotions applied on healthy skin, urinary catheters or rectal tubes

Click here to read more on dressing needs.

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