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    Dyspepsia is pain or discomfort in the upper part of the abdomen.  The symptoms of dyspepsia include: 

    •  Heartburn (burning, painful feeling at the chest or throat) 
    •  Bloating 
    •  Pain in the upper abdomen 
    •  Nausea and vomiting 
    •  Burping 
    •  Early sense of fullness after eating 

    Dyspepsia is often related to other diseases such as:  

    •  Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
       Disease where the stomach acid flow back up the gullet and causing symptoms such as heartburn 
    •  Peptic Ulcer Disease (PUD)
       Sores/ulcers in the stomach, lower gullet and small intestine 
    •  Problems with the pancreas or bile duct 
    •  Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS) 
    •  Stomach cancer (rare) 

    The chance of getting dyspepsia increases if you: 

    •  drink a lot of alcohol 
    •  take certain medicines such as aspirin 
    •  often feel stressed or anxious 
    •  have other stomach problems such as ulcer 

    What you can do 

    •  Avoid large meals and overeating 
    •  Avoid lying down 2 hours after eating 
    •  Avoid drinking too much coffee, carbonated drinks, and/or alcohol 
    •  Avoid tight fitting clothing and belts  
    •  Avoid stooping/bending down too much 
    •  Get enough rest  
    •  Try to decrease emotional as well as physical stress 

    When to see a doctor 

    •  Frequent vomiting/blood in vomit 
    •  Weight loss or loss of appetite 
    •  Black sticky stools 
    •  Difficult or painful swallowing 
    •  Shortness of breath, sweating, or pain that spreads to the jaw, neck, or arm 
    •  Symptoms that lasts for more than 2 weeks or does not improve after taking medicines 


    Updated in Nov 2018  

    This article does not take the place of talking to your doctor or pharmacist. People with special health needs such as babies, children below 12 year old, elderly and pregnant ladies should see a doctor instead of self-treatment. Always read the instructions and warnings on the package before taking any medicine.

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